It is located in Afar Region that lies at an altitude of 116m below sea level. The Danakil (or Dalol) depression is making it to be one of the lowest, hottest and unique land formations in the great riff valley system. Still this part of the planet is very active geologically. Nevertheless, it has colorful and enjoyable landscape, which it makes the traveler feel that, they are in lonely planet. Afar is also a place where the world’s most significant hominid fossils have been discovered. The best known of these is ‘Lucy’ our ancestor.
The Park is 2300 square km. with an altitude ranging from 1500 m – 4377 m. It is the largest Afro Alpine habitat park in Africa. There are about 46 species of mammals and 200 species of birds in the park. It is the best park for walking and trekking. Bale Mountains National Park was crucial to the survival of the Mountain Nyala, Menelik’s Bushbuck, and the Ethiopian Wolf. All three endemic animals thrive in this environment, while the Nyala in particular can be seen in large numbers. The Bale Mountains remain an untouched and beautiful world.
Awash National Park is the oldest and most developed wild life reserve in Ethiopia. Featuring the 1800 – meter high Fentale Volcano, extensive mineral hot springs, and extraordinary volcanic formations.
On the top of Mt. Fentale, there is 350 meter deep creator. The park is famous for its bird life. One may visit the magnificent Awash River Falls, the Kudu valley for greater Kudu, the Illala Sala plain for Besia Oryx and Gazelles, and the hot spring waters.
It is established as a sanctuary for the endemic Swayne’s Hartebeest – an endangered species throughout Ethiopia. The park is situated in the Rift valley, between Lakes Abaya and Chamo in South Central Ethiopia. The park covers an area of 514 Km. of which 78 km is water body.
There are about 84 species of mammals and 333 species of birds are to be found, including the Zebra, Kudi, Baboon and Dik Dik.
The Semien Mountain Massif is a broad plateau, cut off to the north and west by an enormous single crag over 60 km long and forms the highest mountain region in all Africa. Within the park live the Walia Ibex, Ethiopian Wolf and Gelada Baboon – all are endemic to the country.
Birds such as the black headed siskin, white billed starling, white backed black tit, spot breasted plover, thick billed raven, white collard pigeon are endemic, as well as lammergeyer, chough, Ruppell’s griffon, vulture, tawny eagle and augur buzzard.
Adjacent to the park, the highest peak is Ras Dashen Mountain (4543m) which is also the 4th highest mountain in Africa.
Although not technically in the Rift Valley, the Gambella National Park lies along another of the country’s important rivers: the Baro. Near the town of Gambella, the Park is one of Ethiopia’s least developed and has no facilities. Nevertheless, the large conservation area contains many species not found elsewhere in the country, such as the Nile lechwe and the white-eared Kob. Roan antelope, topi, elephant, buffalo, giraffe, and the unusual whale-headed stork are also found here.
This is one of Ethiopia’s true tropical zones and here all the elements of the African safari are to be found, enhanced by a distinctly Ethiopian flavour. Lost in the endless undulating plains of high Sudanese grass, it is a place of exciting adventure and one of the few remaining challenges to the explorer.
Nile perch weighing over 100 kilos have been caught in the water of the Baro, and huge crocodiles thrive here on such fare.